Bariatric surgery is also known as commonly known as weight loss surgery. The surgery treats obesity. It is also used to treat diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sleep apnea etc.
The objective of this surgery is used to modify the stomach and intestine to treat obesity. Further, this surgery reduces the shape of the stomach and bypasses the intestine. Also, it results in less consumption of food and increased metabolism. It results in decreased hunger and increased fulfilment. A healthy weight is achieved by means of this surgery. It makes changes to your digestive system to help you lose weight. This surgery is done when diet and exercise haven’t work.
Types of Bariatric surgery:
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Gastric bypass
Reasons to perform a bariatric surgery:
This surgery is used to reduce weight and decreases the chances of diseases that can occur due to heavyweight
Firstly, this surgery is done to decrease weight by improving diet and exercise habits. Secondly, this surgery is done when your body mass index(BMI) is 40 or higher (extreme obesity) and when your BMI is 35 – 39.9 (obesity) and you have several weight-related problems like high blood pressure, diabetes etc.
Moreover, this surgery is not for everyone who is overweight. Further, you have to take the advice of your doctor whether you can have the surgery or not.
This surgery is expensive so check your health insurance and medical plan to have this type of surgery or not.
Risks of bariatric surgery:
People have less or a high risk of health-related problems by doing this surgery.
- Blood clots
- Breathing problems
- Lung problems etc.
Long terms risks are,
- Death (rare)
Preparing for a surgery:
When you qualify for bariatric surgery you need to plan certain things like you have to go through certain lab tests and exams. You need to stop tobacco use. And also you need to plan for the future for several health-related habits. General anaesthesia is given before the surgery.