Diabetes Mellitus vs. Diabetes Insipidus

2 min


Diabetes mellitus: I’m Popular… Diabetes Insipidus: I’m rare, still got your first name…

As for the term “Diabetes”, people usually think of high blood sugar level. Excellent, if you guessed the same. What if the term “diabetes” has got a pair of surnames? Yeah! It does… That’s the problem with the terms with similar first names.

Even though it has got similar first names, they are entirely different. In worldwide, the number of diabetic patients are increasing dramatically.

The symptoms of diabetes varies from person to person. The problems caused and respective treatments are not same for diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Let us find the key differences.

Diabetes Mellitus vs. Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by the body’s inability to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins that causes high blood sugar levels in our body. With that, our body either doesn`t make enough insulin or cannot be utilized effectively with what it does usually.

The types of diabetes mellitus are Type-I diabetes mellitus, Type-II diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Type-I diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease which destroys the cells in pancreas so that our body doesn’t secrete enough insulin level to control the blood sugar levels. They are commonly referred as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. It is most predominantly seen in adolescence. Type-II diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition in which our body develops a resistance to insulin that allows a way for sugar build-up.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes first observed in pregnancy through screening with no earlier reports of diabetes.

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition where our body tends to lose too much fluids via urination, which ultimately leads to some serious dehydration in our body.

It has four forms namely central or neurogenic diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, dipsogenic diabetes insipidus and gestational diabetes insipidus. 

In central diabetes insipidus, the pituitary gland fails to secrete the hormone called vasopressin, which does a function called regulation of the body fluids.

In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the kidneys Doesn’t respond even though the secretion of vasopressin is normal.

Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus is a condition which is caused by drinking too much fluids and it has got nothing to do with antidiuretic hormone.

Gestational diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that only takes place during pregnancy. The enzyme sent by the placenta completely destroys the antidiuretic hormone in the mother.

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Harikrishnan B
Pursuing Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Keen on exploring mysteries and inspired by the beauty of Science.


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