Kidney stones are also called nephrolithiasis, renal calculi or urolithiasis. These stones are deposits of minerals and acid salts and can cause pain when they passed that form inside your kidneys.
Your kidney removes the waste and excess fluid from your blood in the form of urine. When there is not enough fluid in your blood, it forms the solid clumps of waste products. These solid clumps are called a kidney stone.
Anyone can get a kidney stone. Men get these more often than women. There are certain reasons to get kidney stones.
RISK FACTORS OF KIDNEY STONES:
- If you drink less water then chances of getting stones is higher.
- Certain medications such as calcium and antacids can cause the kidney stone.
- A previous history of kidney stone.
- History of kidney diseases.
- A family history of kidney stone.
These are some reasons to get stones.
SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONES:
If your kidney stone is small, it easily gets removed from your urinary tract without any pain and even you never know that you had a kidney stone.
But if your kidney stone is large then it shows certain symptoms like-
- Pain in your back or abdomen
- Bleeding through urine
- Pain while urinating, etc.
In this condition, you have to visit a doctor and take advice.
TREATMENT OF KIDNEY STONES:
The treatment of kidney stones depends on the size of the kidney stone, pain or whether it is blocking your urinary tract. Your doctor asks you to do a blood test, urine test, sonography, or sometimes CT scan to diagnose the kidney stone.
When your kidney stone is small then the doctor removes this kidney stone easily by telling to a patient to drink more water and take the pain killer. But when your kidney stone is large, the doctor can do the shock wave lithotripsy, which can break the kidney stones into small pieces.