LYME’S – THE MENACING VECTOR BORNE CONDITION

2 min


Lyme’s disease is a common vector-borne condition. The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme’s disease. Further, it is the infection carried by the bite of the black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick. Spending a lot of time in grassy and wooden areas is a potential risk for Lymes.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF LYME’S DISEASE:

Firstly, the signs and symptoms occur in stages. Untreated Lyme disease shows the following symptoms,

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Facial paralysis
  • Arthritis

Early signs:

Headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, fever, etc.

Later signs:

Swollen knees, facial Palsy, headache, arthritis, dizziness or shortness of breath, nerve pain, rashes, etc.

Less common signs:

 Eye inflammation, fatigue, heart problem, hepatitis, etc.

When to see your doctor?

If you are bitten by a tick and shown certain symptoms then you have to visit your doctor. Though you don’t show the symptoms then also you can visit your doctor.

Causes of lyme’s disease:

Firstly, you will be infected by Lyme’s disease when you are bitten by an infected tick. Further, these ticks have to remain attached to the body for 36 to 48 hours. Therefore you have to remove the tick attached to your body as soon as possible.

Risk factors:

  • Having exposed skin.
  • Spending time in wooden or grassy areas.
  • And, not removing ticks properly.

Prevention of the disease:

Cover up yourself when you visit grassy or wooden areas. Use insect repellent, remove the tick which is attached to your body, as soon as possible.

METHODS TO AVOID TICK:

  • Use insect repellent
  • Cover up your body with clothes.

DIAGNOSING THE CONDITION:

The doctor will ask you certain questions and examine your body to diagnose Lyme’s disease. Certain tests such as Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test (ELISA) tests, western blot tests can be carried out to diagnose Lyme’s disease.

TREATMENT OF LYME’S:

Antibiotics are a proven treatment to cure Lyme’s disease. Oral intake of antibiotics is common. Further, in people with severe symptoms, the doctor might give the antibiotic directly to your vein.

The treatment will be given for 28 days or the days prescribed by a doctor. You have to complete the course even you feel better.

                           


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Dr Arun

Dr. Arun is a practicing dentist with more than 11 years of experience. Loves to blog and in constant search of new knowledge in dentistry and health niche.

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