A mushroom is a group of fungi that belongs to basidiomycotina. It is grown on organic waste materials. They secrete enzymes. They are available in lots of different shapes and colors. These can be grown in a small scale industry by creating an artificial environment that mimics its nature. Tamilnadu is a leading state in India for mushroom cultivation.
Nowadays Mushroom is becoming most of the people’s favourite food. It contains a lot of nutrients and has a delicious taste. Similarly, they also have some medicinal values in them. There is more variety of edible mushrooms present. Some mushrooms are harmful to health because they produce a toxic substance
Mushroom contains zinc, copper, vitamin k,c,d,b, minerals, antioxidants, potassium, fibre and sodium. Mushroom is also known as Kalan in Tamil. People used to eat mushrooms instead of meat. These are being used in recipes like biryani, pizza, burger, curry etc.
There are separate research institutes for mushroom research.
- Directorate of mushroom research (DMR)
- All India coordinated research projects on mushroom (AICRP-MUSHROOM)
- Indian council of agricultural research
- Tamilnadu agricultural university
- Punjab agricultural university
DMR has introduced a new variety of mushrooms that will not let your nervous system deteriorate and will also remove forgetfulness including opening the nerves of the brain. They have named it Hieracium. It is not available on market now. They are planning to launch this on market soon.
Studies proved it shows the following activities: Anticancer, anti-HIV, antiviral, antihistamine, hypo-cholesterolemia, liver and kidney protection, antioxidant, stamina enhancer
- Firstly, it contains less amount of sodium and a high amount of potassium that helps in the regulation of high blood pressure and also control blood cholesterol levels thus helps the heart to be healthy.
- It also gives strength to the heart walls. People with cardiac problems can add mushrooms to their diet.
- It helps to purify the blood. the chemicals such as lenticine and fertinine present in mushrooms help to remove toxic substances In blood. This keeps us active throughout the day.
- 100 grams of mushroom contains 35% of protein it which plays a vital role in children’s growth. it also contains several amino acids that are responsible for brain development.
- Kalan soup helps to develop our muscles. People who lost their weight due to some illness can consume its soup for instant weight gain.
- It can reduce bad cholesterol with the help of enzymes present in it. It also helps by acting as an anticoagulant that breaks a block in blood vessels.
- People with anemia will suffer from headaches, tiredness, digestion problems etc… The Mushroom contains an enormous amount of iron. Thus, helps to increase blood cells.
- Diabetic patients can consume mushroom because it doesn’t contain cholesterol, carbohydrate in it. Meanwhile, It contains a lot of water and fiber. Certainly, it has the capacity of inducing insulin production in humans.
- It doesn’t have cholesterol. It certainly contains low fat with ergosterol and polyunsaturated fatty acids in it.
- Above all, It is rich in protein and has a low amount of calories. Therefore, people on diet can take it as a protein source.
Consequences of taking mushroom
- Lactating mothers should avoid the intake of mushrooms because it can affect milk secretion.
- People with arthritis should avoid taking mushrooms in their diet.
- We can find Non-edible mushrooms by their bad odour.
- Mushroom sold in roadside shops are not actual mushrooms it is a fried cabbage with some flours in it
Types of edible mushroom
- It is one of the worlds most common mushroom in mushrooms production.
- Its origin is grasslands in Europe and North America
- It appears in white and brown colour while immature
- Its freshness can be tested by its gills firmness
- It is a long thin white mushroom.
- It needs a temperature from 30 to 35 degrees Celcius, humidity 85- 90%.
- The total life span is 45- 50 days
- It has a shelf life of 3 days in normal condition and 5 days for refrigerated conditions.
- However they cannot be consumed after this shelf life period.
- Its sales price per kg is Rs. 150-300.
- They are cultivable in all states of India. It has an optimum temperature of 25 – 30 degrees Celcius.
- We should provide 80 – 90 % of humidity for its growth.
- The total life span is 45 – 50 days
- It has a shelf life of 2 days in normal temperature and 4 days in refrigerator conditions.
- After that period it will begin to decay.
- Its sales price per kg is Rs. 70-100