The infection of the gums is caused by any foreign particle or bacterial invasion. These infections cause weakening of the gums and worsening of oral health if untreated for a long time.
A healthy gum acts as the face of a good general health of the person.
Reasons for Infection of Gums:
The following can infect your gums:
- Improper diet.
- Frequent consumption of foods that can accumulate in your teeth.
- Poor oral hygiene habits.
- Lack of essential nutrients in diet causing the weakening of gums.
- Habits like smoking and alcohol consumption can cause dry gums eventually leading to loss of blood supply of gums.
- The use of chewing gums and frequent consumption of soda or carbonated drinks can cause an acidic imbalance in the oral environment.
Symptoms of Gum Infection:
In gum infections, a person can face the following symptoms:
- Bleeding of gums.
- Painful and swollen gums.
- Bad breath.
- Inflamed gums.
- Dry mouth or decreased saliva production.
- The reddish appearance of the gums.
- Pus formation in the gums.
- Loosening of teeth.
- Finally, bone loss in severe cases of gum infection.
When you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms always visit your dentist for a proper evaluation.
Treatment for Gum Infection:
After the evaluation of the gums, the dentist stages the status of gum infection to plan the treatment accordingly. Initially, the dentist suggests antibiotic therapy to reduce the symptoms. Then a professional deep dental cleaning to remove the microbes present in the gums.
In a severe case of gum infection reconstruction of the lost gum tissues and the underlying bones can be done in further appointments after the initial treatment.
Take home tips for a good Gum Care:
- Use medium to a soft-bristled toothbrush for brushing your teeth.
- Always use antibacterial mouthwashes twice a day.
- Practice the use of dental floss at least once a day.
- Eat foods rich in vitamins and proteins to maintain the structure and integrity of the gums.
- Have a dental visit at least once a year.