Salmonella infection or salmonellosis is the infection caused by bacteria present in contaminated food or water. Further, this infection affects people with compromised immunity like aged people, babies or people with conditions like AIDS. Moreover, this infection affects the intestinal tract. Also, the bacteria which cause this disease lives in the intestine of human and animal which are shed through faeces.
Typically people with this infection show no symptoms. Moreover, sometimes symptoms of this infection include abdominal pain, fever, diarrhoea etc. Most people recover from the disease without any treatment. Eating raw meat, egg or egg products can cause salmonella infection. Also, the possible signs and symptoms include,
- Blood in the stool
- Vomiting etc.
Further, few varieties of Salmonella can cause typhoid fever and deadly diseases.
People who consume raw or undercooked meat, eggs and poultry products are likely to get the disease. People who drink contaminated water or wash fruits and vegetables with contaminated water can also get the disease.
RISK FACTORS OF SALMONELLA:
People who live in or visit a country with poor sanitation have a high chance to develop the disease. Also, touching birds or reptiles can cause the infection. Further, salmonella can be killed by strong stomach acid that’s why people having the antacid can have a higher chance of developing the disease. Also, some antibiotics can kill good bacteria in your stomach that’s why having more chances of developing the disease. Some people have immune problems like having AIDS, Malaria, Sickle cell disease can develop infection.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS OF SALMONELLA:
PREVENTING SALMONELLA INFECTIONS:
Wash your hands after using the toilet, changing the diaper, cleaning the pet faeces, avoiding contact with reptiles or birds. Always keep raw meat, eggs and seafood away from the fruits and vegetables. It is better to have two separate cutting boards in your kitchen one is for meat and another one is for fruits and vegetables. Avoid eating raw eggs.
The infection from salmonella can be tested by testing the patients’ stool, if the bacteria come in contact with the blood doctor will ask to do the blood test.
In this disease, the doctor suggests anti-diarrheal and antibiotics.