The A – Z Of Gum Disease In Children

1 min

Gum disease or periodontal disease is one of the major causes of loss of teeth by weakening the tissues surrounding them. A type of periodontal disease that affects the pre-teens, teens and young adults is known as juvenile aggressive periodontists.

Causes for Gum diseases in Children:

The following can cause gum diseases in children:

  • Commonly associated with a hereditary condition.
  • Hormonal imbalance in the puberty may weaken the gums and surrounding oral tissues.
  • Poor oral hygiene practice.
  • Food habits.
  • Any deleterious habits practiced by the child.

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease in Children:

If you note any of the following signs, your child may have a gum disease:

  • First, bleeding gums frequently even without any provocation. There has to be evident bleeding from the gums resembling a border along the gums.
  • Swollen gums. Children from 8 to 12 give an appearance of slightly swollen gums due to the shedding of milk teeth and eruption of permanent teeth.
  • The swollen gums appear reddish.
  • Gums either overgrow and cover the teeth surface or recede exposing the neck of the teeth and its root structures.
  • Bad breath even after brushing their teeth.
  • Yellowish color of the teeth with plaque deposition on them.


Treating this type of gum disease immediately after diagnosis is necessary to avoid the following:

  • Worsening of the signs and symptoms.
  • Soreness of the gums and pain in the teeth.
  • Loosening of the teeth from its socket.
  • Finally, loss of teeth.

Usually dentist suggest the following treatment plan:

  • A complete oral and general health examination to identify any systemic associations.
  • Professional dental cleaning.
  • Antibiotic regimen as needed.
  • Routine dental check-up to evaluate the status of the disease.
  • If there is recurrence then an evaluation from general physician is necessary

Advice for Parents:

Keep note of the following tips to ensure your child’s oral health:

  • Always motivate your child in practicing good oral hygiene.
  • Use any representation methods for your kids to follow them properly.
  • Particularly, monitor them while they are brushing its best if you brush with them.
  • Maintain a healthy diet for your child.
  • Schedule frequent appoints with your dentist.
  • Occasionally, check your child’s mouth to see any abnormal differences.

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Dr Arun

Dr. Arun is a practicing dentist with more than 11 years of experience. Loves to blog and in constant search of new knowledge in dentistry and health niche.