What is Bipolar Disorder and how to Identify it?

3 min

bipolar disorder

Ever come across someone who seems to have rather unusual or even erratic mood swings? They could be suffering from bipolar disorder. The main thing here is that it is not even a rare disorder. Around 2.8% of all adults within the United States alone were known to suffer from it.

There are highs and lows that are visibly seen while one suffers from bipolar disorder. With what is known as an emotional high or rather mania they will feel super excited and often act impulsively. While they will also experience lows in which they will feel deep sadness, regret, and sometimes even feel suicidal.

But how do we identify someone who is suffering from bipolar disorder? Well, the only way is to check out the symptoms that are present and can act as red flags.

List of Symptoms To Look Out For

The symptoms of bipolar disorder vary for a high which is a mania and a low which is depression. This for your convenience the list has been broken down into two symptoms.


  • When they tend to be overly happy for an unusually long time
  • A diminished need for sleep
  • Quick often racing thoughts and talking too fast
  • Impulsive and restless behavior
  • Too easily distracted
  • Seem to be a bit too confident or even arrogant in their abilities


  • Usually long stretches of sadness or even hopelessness
  • Seems to pull away from dear ones such as family and friends
  • No interest in the activities they once loved
  • Looks to be devoid of energy
  • Can’t make decisions or having memory lapses
  • Looking suicidal 

Bipolar disorder is overlooked and many don’t know its existence. But now you do and know the red flags for identifying it. Hopefully, with this knowledge, you will be able to help someone out in the near future.

Most Asked Questions on Bipolar Disorder

When bipolar disorder was discovered?

Jean-Pierre Falret a French psychiatrist was the first to document this condition in the year 1851 as a case of circular insanity. Patients in his experiment experienced conditions from two extremes such as depression and severe excitement.

When does bipolar disorder develop?

The age most affected is adult life, typically the patients experience mood swings in their teenage.

How bipolar disorder affects daily life?

People with this disorder usually have low life and you may have a loss of memory. You will constantly ponder on a question and cannot come to conclusion on a definitive answer.

How bipolar disorder affects the brain?

The prefrontal cortex is that part of the brain affected by this disorder.

Due to this, the person has difficulty to plan anything. He has a lack of skill to make any decisions.

Does bipolar go away?

The sorry answer is that this disease has no cure and the person must live up to this disorder. Behavior therapy is a treatment option for these patients. Mood stabilizers control the condition.

By administering this form of treatment one can lead a productive and normal life.

Can bipolar disorder be genetic?

This disease has a genetic mapping to its ancestors and it’s a family affair. The sad part is most people with this disease have their ancestors suffering from it as well. The gene responsible for this condition is still not clear.

Are bipolar disorder and schizophrenia-related?         

Both these diseases have one common etiology between them. The answer is they are related by genetics. Both the disease run in families and found in twins.

Bipolar brain vs normal brain scan

People with this disorder tend to have changes in their frontal brain. There is gray matter reduction in the frontal brain compared to the normal brain in the MRI Scan. The sensory areas seem to be normal.

Bipolar relapse rate

There is a very rate of relapse in this disorder. There are several studies that point the relapse rate to 70% to 90% in five years of treating this disorder.

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Dr Arun

Dr. Arun is a practicing dentist with more than 11 years of experience. Loves to blog and in constant search of new knowledge in dentistry and health niche.


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