What is Glaucoma? A Detailed Explanation

2 min


Did you know that high blood pressure is one of the major causes of glaucoma and the person suffering from glaucoma has a damaged optic nerve?

This optic nerve is responsible for the eyesight of a person. Due to high blood pressure, there is damage to this nerve.

The world health organisation (WHO) ranks it the second after cataract to cause complete blindness. It has a global presense of about 3% and climbing. If the estimates are right it could affect more than 100 million people by the year 2040.

According to studies, the most common risk factors include people who get chronic eye infections and have a very thin cornea. It can also affect people who constantly take medications for health conditions which indirectly increases the intraocular pressure of their eyes.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

The symptoms of glaucoma are in majority of people age 60 and above. It occurs as a result of blind spots appearing on the optic nerve. As the age advances the blind spots become big and contribute to complete blindness.

Common symptoms experienced by patients suffering from this disorder include redness of Eyes, blurry vision, constant headaches, and throbbing pain behind the eye.

There are some foods that these patients must avoid. These include once with more fat, coffee. If you are a known allergen for any food you should avoid those foods. These foods can accelerate the process of this eye disorder.

In the case of excess fat consumption, it can lead to increased cholesterol levels in the blood. This leads to more increased blood pressure which will result in this eye disease.

There are two types of glaucoma open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma.

Out of these two closed-angle is more serious as it happens in 20 percent of the patients. When a patient experiences a closed-angle condition, he is bound to go for complete blindness within a day.

The common issue found in both types of glaucoma is there is the closure of the drainage canal. Thereby preventing fluid to exit from the eyes. The symptoms in closed-angle can be very serious added to the symptoms above the patient may also experience vomiting.

Diagnosis Of Glaucoma

The specialist dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma includes an ophthalmologist or an optometrist.

It is best to visit any one of the specialists above. They are experts in taking care of your eyes.

Diagnosing glaucoma is straightforward. The specialist just uses the help of a few drops of a solution. This will help in the dilation of your pupil.

After the pupils are dilated the specialist looks into the eyes through a specialized microscope. It’s done to check the condition of the optic nerve.

He can find if there are any blind spots in the optic nerve. It’s done to check the acceptable level of blind spots.

Treatment of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma can be treated in different ways. The main principle behind all these treatments is to reduce the pressure behind the eyes are commonly called intraocular pressure.

The most common form of treatment is using eye drops followed by taking intraoral medications. In the case of eye drops one is advised to take them once or twice or thrice depending on the severity of the condition. Drops are for life and there is no cure only to reduce the symptoms.

In advanced cases, laser treatment or surgical approach is taken as a treatment option.

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Dr Arun

Dr. Arun is a practicing dentist with more than 11 years of experience. Loves to blog and in constant search of new knowledge in dentistry and health niche.


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