ZIKA VIRUS -THE NEW THREAT TO MANKIND

2 min


INTRODUCTION:

The disease that spreads through the Zika virus is also called Zika fever, virus disease. This disease originated in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. Zika can be named after the Zika forest in Uganda. In 1952 the first patient Zika infected person is detected. This virus is similar to yellow fever or dengue fever or West Nile virus. This virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus.

Zika virus is present in the blood, semen, urine or saliva of an infected person. Sometimes it is in the fluid of the eye.

SYMPTOMS OF ZIKA:

Symptoms can include mild fever, rash, joint pain or red eyes. The majority of patients can not show the symptoms. In rare cases, it causes nervous system’s infection and brain disease. Sometimes it can cause paralysis to infected people. Symptoms can be shown in 3 to 14 days of infection and these are last for certain weeks.

This infection is generally spread by infected Aedes species mosquitoes which can occur in the whole world. These mosquitoes can bite throughout the day. This can also spread by unprotected sexual intercourse. This infection can be inherited from infected mother to baby at the time of pregnancy. When pregnant women are infected by Zika fever then they have a high risk of miscarriage. When the virus infected mosquito bites pregnant women it can cross the placenta and affect the infant. It can cause a serious brain disease called microcephaly to the fetus. The virus can be diagnosed by a blood test.

ZIKA VIRUS AND PREGNANCY:

If you or your partner is pregnant or trying to get pregnant take the following precautions

  • Avoid to travel in the Zika virus spreading regions
  • Try protected sex

 There is no vaccine available for the fever therefore precaution is better than cure.

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN:

Following Precautions can be taken to protect against this fever,

  • Protection from mosquitoes.
  • Avoid travelling in the virus affected areas.
  • Practice safe sex

Firstly, call the doctor if you have any symptoms of the fever or you have lived in or visited the area where the virus is spreading. Further, if you are affected by the virus then drink plenty of juices, take a rest, fever can be cured by paracetamol.


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Dr Arun

Dr. Arun is a practicing dentist with more than 11 years of experience. Loves to blog and in constant search of new knowledge in dentistry and health niche.

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